Gatwick Airport United Kingdom
Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is located 3.1 miles (5.0 km) north of the centre of Crawley, West Sussex, and 29.5 miles (47.5 km) south of Central London. Also known as London Gatwick, it is London’s second-largest international airport and the second-busiest (by total passenger traffic) in the United Kingdom (after Heathrow). Gatwick is Europe’s leading airport for point-to-point flights and has the world’s busiest single-use runway, with a maximum of 55 aircraft movements per hour. Its two terminals (North and South) cover an area of 98,000 m2 (1,050,000 sq ft) and 160,000 m2 (1,700,000 sq ft), respectively. In 2013, 35.4 million passengers passed through the airport.
From 1978 to 2008, many flights to and from the United States used Gatwick because of restrictions on the use of Heathrow implemented in the Bermuda II agreement between the UK and the US. US Airways, Gatwick’s last remaining US carrier, ended service from the airport on 30 March 2013. This leaves Gatwick without a scheduled American airline for the first time in over 35 years. The airport is a base for scheduled airlines Aer Lingus, British Airways (BA), EasyJet, Monarch Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Virgin Atlantic and charter operators such as Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways. Gatwick is unique amongst London’s airports in its representation of the three main airline business models: full service, low-no frills and charter. During Gatwick’s 2011–12 financial year, these accounted for 33, 55 and 11 percent of total passenger traffic respectively.